Posts Tagged ‘bugging out’

Inch bag

“…At what point shall we expect the approach of danger? By what means shall we fortify against it? — Shall we expect some transatlantic military giant, to step the Ocean, and crush us at a blow? Never!–All the armies of Europe, Asia and Africa combined, with all the treasure of the earth (our own excepted) in their military chest; with a Bonaparte for a commander, could not by force, take a drink from the Ohio, or make a track on the Blue Ridge, in a trial of a thousand years.

At what point then is the approach of danger to be expected? I answer, if it ever reach us, it must spring up amongst us. It cannot come from abroad. If destruction be our lot, we must ourselves be its author and finisher. As a nation of freemen, we must live through all time, or die by suicide.”

–Abraham Lincoln
(January 27, 1838)

All of us in the prepper arena constantly talk about having a bug-out bag (B.O.B.) or sometimes called a get-home bag (G.H.B.). It’s accepted that this is a staple to have in your prepper arsenal. The intended purpose of a B.O.B. and a G.H.B. is to give you the basic necessities to sustain you on your trek from point A to point B. When stocking your bag, it is recommended to prep or gear-up these bags for a 72 hour window (depending on your situation). High-calorie food, water storage and filtration, change of clothing, fire starter and rudimentary shelter is typically what you’ll stock in your bag. The point of limiting your gear to these essentials is to keep the weight down so it doesn’t slow you down. With that, you have already planned on a more long-term survival plan at your “point B”.

But speed isn’t everything when it comes to survival. And since some people don’t have a dedicated bug out location (that “point B” in your trek), after 72 hours your B.O.B could turn into a S.O.L bag. This presents a problem if the only plan you have is to “just survive.” The need to have a lot more gear than what can fit in a B.O.B. becomes necessary after that 72 hour mark…Enter the I.N.C.H.

I.N.C.H stands for “I’m Not Coming Home” or “I’m Never Coming Home”. The I.N.C.H is basically a large, long-term survival kit that is self-contained into one mobile carrying device. It contains all the items that are critical to your survival following a disaster or other SHTF scenario. The difference between an I.N.C.H. and a B.O.B. is that an I.N.C.H. can sustain you (at least theoretically) indefinitely. If you’re that person without a “point B” in your plan, it’s time to gear-up your I.N.C.H.

There are a few things to consider before building your I.N.C.H. bag. First of all, keep in mind that the B.O.B. is based on the 3-day rescue rule. So, no matter what happens…flood, fire, civil unrest, snowstorm, hurricane, or other catastrophic disaster…you should be able to survive the first 72 hours on your own and then, sometime within that window, be able to locate assistance (be it professional or otherwise) or just be able to return home. The concept of the I.N.C.H. bag is much different. When stocking your bag you need to consider a few things: First, you’re assuming that the disaster that you are prepping for is going to be of such magnitude that you will be totally independent even after the 72 hours has come and gone. Second, you have to assume that, regardless of the disaster, civil unrest will follow. This means that there will not be any way to restock your supplies. Third, you have to assume that there may be no home to come back to. With that in mind, let’s step through some of the major items that you will need to add to your I.N.C.H. bag:

  1. The bag itself needs to have a frame along with major back support. A long-term hiking pack is the recommended style. Make sure that it has a rain cover to protect everything that you own and that it fits your body’s frame.
  2. Take everything you would normally put in a B.O.B. and add it to your I.N.C.H. bag. This is a good start. We’ll be replacing and adding to it next.
  3. Add at least 3 more changes of clothing. You may even want at least one set to be a size larger to wear as an extra layer. Also, start thinking “barter” as means to obtain more of what you need to survive. That extra outfit could be worth food or water to someone else.
  4. For colder climates, add a heavy-duty jacket and cold weather boots along with gloves and a hat. You really have no idea how long you could be stuck outside and what time of year. Even summer months in the north can get chilly at night.
  5. Add a high quality hiking sleeping bag and sleeping mat. A tarp or small tent (possibly a hammock-style tent) would also be practical if it isn’t weight prohibitive.
  6. Now take everything from the B.O.B. and start multiplying the quantities of the items that you’ll be consuming (food, water, toiletries, and fire starter). Aim for a week’s worth but assume that you’ll need a lot more. When doing this, consider weight vs. reward. You’ll need to be able to carry all of this.
  7. You can replace some of the high-energy bars from the B.O.B. with MREs and dehydrated meals. A safe number to pack food for is 7 days. At some point you should be able to obtain potable water for cooking. You’ll also be able to “acquire” edibles from places such as abandoned stores and homes.
  8. (I can’t stress this enough) Purchase and pack a rifle. While most States have some type of restrictions on handguns, rifles are not nearly as restricted. Even the most liberal of States should allow you to purchase a 22LR rifle. This can be used for self-defense as well as hunting (more accurate than a handgun). The ammunition for a 22LR is very small and lightweight. You can carry a lot of ammunition in a small space.

This is not an all-inclusive list but it will give you a good jump on building your perfect I.N.C.H. bag.

Let’s be clear though…of course at some point you will be able to go home. The fires will burn themselves out. The earthquakes will stop. The hurricane will blow over. The great flood will recede. And the civil unrest will end…it just may take longer than you think. However, putting a time frame on when you can go home is never a good idea. It’s this sense of optimism that can get you in a lot of trouble. Preppers are known to be “pessimistically optimistic”. Which means that we hope for the best, but plan for the worst.


5 Cs of Survival

If you’ve been in or among the prepping community long enough, you’ve probably heard of the Five C’s of Survival. But unless you actively practice your prepping and survival skills (like anything else) you can easily forget them. With that in mind, we thought it was a good idea to revisit the basics and also introduce anyone who is new to survival and prepping. So here we go with the list and their explanations.

  1. Cutting Tool: The best choice for this would be a sturdy, full-tang survival knife. But ultimately a tool that can be used for anything from cleaning fish to splitting kindling. You may also want to consider a multitool to accomodate several other needs.
  2. Combustion: This can be anything from a magnesium stick to a blow torch. But practicality should come into play here. Being able to spark a fire is critical in a survival situation. Since most fire starting tools are small and lightweight, it’s not a bad idea to have multiple options with you…say, a lighter and waterproof matches and a magnesium stick.
  3. Cover: We’re not talking about a hat here. An emergency shelter is a necessity in a survival situation. You need the ability to quickly erect a precipitation and cold-resistant covering to keep you dry and warm in the event of an unforeseen night outside. The good news is that almost anything will suffice. A poncho, wool blanket, tarp, or even a plastic garbage bag will serve the purpose.
  4. Container: In a perfect world a 32-oz. stainless-steel water bottle would be your best bet. But we’re talking about survival so any device that can hold water without leaking and survive over an open fire will work. Staying hydrated is fundamental in an emergency, and you want a durable container for storing and carrying water. You also need to have the ability to boil the water to kill any microbial organisms.
  5. Cordage: Now, if your one of those people who can fashion rope from plant materials in the backcountry, great. But for the rest of us, make sure that you have a good 100 feet of 550 cord (paracord). From stringing together a shelter to bundling up your bug out bag to hanging your wet clothes up to dry, the number of uses are almost limitless.


So you have your bug out bag(s) set to go…great! You’ve taken the time to pack enough supplies to last for 72 hours and you check it every 6 months to make sure everything is up to date. But what do you do now? Preparing for bug out isn’t just about the bag…it’s also about the plan to actually bug out. We’re going cover some of those points.

Create scenarios

While most people don’t like thinking about doom and gloom, most preppers don’t have a problem with it because they know that this is how they prep their gear. But war-gaming should also take into account what you should do if you are on the losing side of the equation. Depending on where you live the scenarios will be different. Northern states will need to plan more around winter emergencies. Southern states will need to plan more around summer emergencies. Consider the typical weather patterns in your area. Also, consider your location to water sources. Those who live near flood-prone areas need to consider which direction they may need to travel to get away from the rising water levels.

Don’t just focus on natural disasters though. Man-made disasters can be just as deadly as natural disasters. Civil unrest, biochemical hazards, and nuclear disasters are quite probably in today’s world. Keeping you and your family safe during your travels is extremely important. Just like money, the weakest defensible point is during the transportation phase between banks. Take precautions and be prepared to defend yourself and your family. Make sure that you are trained in some form of self-defense.

Consider your location

Since most of us don’t sit at home all day, every day to wait for the end of the world, we need to establish meeting points or rallying points. Most of us have jobs that take us away from our homes and our families. We also have children that may be in places such as school. A typical family where both parents work and the kids are in school needs to be well planned out in the event of a disastrous situation. Questions like: How will the adults communicate if the cell phone network is down? Who is responsible for picking the kids up from school? Do we go home from there or do we have a rally point? If we don’t go home, who will have or have access to our bug out bags?

Also, in regards to location, think about how many other people may be trying to flee the area where you live. Depending on the scenario, some roads may become impassable (snow, flood, road block). What if you are limited in the number of routes to your destination due to man-made or natural obstacles? Experts will tell you that 36 hours is the magic number during any emergency before panic can start to set in. How long should you wait until you bug out?

Plan A, B, AND C

Once you have these scenarios defined look at your plans carefully. Which plan is the best? Which plan is the easiest? Which plan could be easily foiled? Prioritize the plans that you think are the best ones. As the prepper saying goes, “Always have a Plan C.” Everything preppers do should be in at least double-redundancy. 3 plans to evacuate your home and head to greener pastures.

Drill baby drill

So you have it all figured out? Great! Now test your plans. You might be surprised at the obstacles that you find. If your plan includes densely populated areas, consider the amount of traffic that would be multiplied if everyone decided to do the same thing at the same time. Be prepared to adjust or re-prioritize your plans as you go along.

Finally, run real-time drills with your entire family on a regular basis. Now this may feel a bit weird the first time you do this but, trust me, it can save your life later. Use these drills as time to work out the kinks. Time your drills (what we can measure we can improve). When driving, don’t take into account things like stops signs and traffic lights as there is a chance these may not be working during the actual emergency and nobody is really going to care much about getting a citation. But don’t break any laws during the drill either. Assume places like gas stations and grocery stores will be without power so don’t expect to be able to fill up your gas tank or grab a bite to eat. Try to make the drill as realistic as possible without getting into trouble. You should also consider adding stress and antagonism to the drill. Because if the SHTF, the adrenalin will surely be flowing.

When all is said and done. Have a meeting will all of the participants. Discuss what worked and what didn’t. Discuss how to change or improve your steps. Think about things that you took with and consider if you need to make changes to your equipment list. You will thank yourself later.