Posts Tagged ‘First aid kit’

5 Cs of Survival

If you’ve been in or among the prepping community long enough, you’ve probably heard of the Five C’s of Survival. But unless you actively practice your prepping and survival skills (like anything else) you can easily forget them. With that in mind, we thought it was a good idea to revisit the basics and also introduce anyone who is new to survival and prepping. So here we go with the list and their explanations.

  1. Cutting Tool: The best choice for this would be a sturdy, full-tang survival knife. But ultimately a tool that can be used for anything from cleaning fish to splitting kindling. You may also want to consider a multitool to accomodate several other needs.
  2. Combustion: This can be anything from a magnesium stick to a blow torch. But practicality should come into play here. Being able to spark a fire is critical in a survival situation. Since most fire starting tools are small and lightweight, it’s not a bad idea to have multiple options with you…say, a lighter and waterproof matches and a magnesium stick.
  3. Cover: We’re not talking about a hat here. An emergency shelter is a necessity in a survival situation. You need the ability to quickly erect a precipitation and cold-resistant covering to keep you dry and warm in the event of an unforeseen night outside. The good news is that almost anything will suffice. A poncho, wool blanket, tarp, or even a plastic garbage bag will serve the purpose.
  4. Container: In a perfect world a 32-oz. stainless-steel water bottle would be your best bet. But we’re talking about survival so any device that can hold water without leaking and survive over an open fire will work. Staying hydrated is fundamental in an emergency, and you want a durable container for storing and carrying water. You also need to have the ability to boil the water to kill any microbial organisms.
  5. Cordage: Now, if your one of those people who can fashion rope from plant materials in the backcountry, great. But for the rest of us, make sure that you have a good 100 feet of 550 cord (paracord). From stringing together a shelter to bundling up your bug out bag to hanging your wet clothes up to dry, the number of uses are almost limitless.


A bug out bag or sometimes referred to as a 72 hour bag is probably at the core of all preppers plans. Everyone should consider these bags as an investment in your health and safety. Natural disasters are a reality that can occur almost anywhere leaving you without electricity, running water, and sometimes without shelter. Being prepared is the best thing you can do to maximize your chances of survival…and one of the first steps is to have a fully-stocked bag that you can take with you. So what should you have in your bug out bag?

Well, without going into too much detail, a bug out bag, or B.O.B. should contain everything you NEED to sustain yourself for 72 hours. Every member of the household (including the family pet) should have their own bag ready to go. While the variations of its contents are almost infinite, we put together a list of everyday items you can find in your grocery store to get you started. As you are able to grow your investment you will slowly replace these items with others specifically designed for long-term storage.

Food (Think ‘portable’ and ‘high nutrition’):

  • Protein & Granola Bars
  • Trail Mix/Dried Fruit
  • Crackers/Cereals (great for eating on the go)
  • Canned meat and beans (“pop-top” cans that open without a can-opener)
  • Canned juice
  • Candy/Gum


  • 1 Gallon/4 Liters Per Person

Bedding and Clothing:

  • Change of Clothing (short and long sleeved shirts, pants, jackets, socks, etc.)
  • Undergarments
  • Rain Coat/Poncho
  • Blankets and Emergency Heat Blanks (that keep in warmth)
  • Cloth Sheet
  • Plastic Sheet

Fuel and Light:

  • Flashlight/head lamp
  • Extra Batteries
  • Flares
  • Candles
  • Lighter
  • Water-Proof Matches

Equipment (think ‘camping supplies’):

  • Can Opener
  • Dishes/Utensils
  • Shovel
  • Radio (don’t forget batteries)
  • Pen and Paper
  • Axe
  • Pocket Knife
  • Rope
  • Duct Tape

Personal Supplies and Medication:

  • First Aid Kit and Supplies
  • Toiletries (roll of toilet paper- remove the center tube to easily flatten into a zip-lock bag, feminine hygiene, folding brush, etc.)
  • Cleaning Supplies (mini hand sanitizer, soap, shampoo, dish soap, etc. Warning: Scented soap might “flavor” food items.)
  • Medication (Acetaminophen, Ibuprofen, children’s medication etc.)
  • Prescription Medication (for 3 days)

Personal Documents and Money (Keep in a water-proof container):

  • Scriptures
  • Legal documents (certified copies of if possible) such as birth/marriage certificates, will, passport, etc.
  • Vaccination papers
  • Insurance policies
  • Cash/Gold/Silver/Barter items
  • Pre-Paid Debit Card
  • Pre-Paid Phone Card

Small toys and/or games (especially for the kids)

When all is said and done, make sure you can lift and carry your bag. Place emphasis on lightweight items.

Here’s an important tip to remember – Update the contents of your bag every six months (put a note in your calendar/planner) to make sure that:

  • All of the food, water, and medication is fresh and has not expired
  • Your clothing still fits and is appropriate for the upcoming seasons
  • Your personal documents and pre-paid cards are up to date
  • Batteries are fresh or have been charged (if rechargeable)

Try to get everyone in the family involved in packing and updating their bags. Older children can be responsible for their own bag of items/clothes too. Make sure that you include any other items in your bag that you feel are NECESSARY for your family’s survival.

Once you are done with preparing your bag, try to store it in a location that is located near your home’s exit. All of this should fit into a space about the size of your average garbage can. Try to minimize exposure to extreme temperatures (do not store it outside). Also make sure that it is kept away from any source that may try to open it (like the family pet).